Hacksaw Ridge

Doss's Army Service Uniform with his replacement Medal of Honor. These items were received in 2007 and will be on display in our department exhibit cases.

Doss’s Army Service Uniform with his replacement Medal of Honor. 

     Our department has been busy lately. We were invited to set up an exhibition at the advance private screening of the film, Hacksaw Ridge, hosted by Loma Linda University Health on November 3, 2016. The movie tells the true story of Pfc. Desmond T. Doss, a Seventh-day Adventist conscientious objector, who won the Congressional Medal of Honor for his heroic actions at the Maeda Escarpment during the Battle of Okinawa (Apr 1 – Jun 22, 1945), the largest and bloodiest battle of the war. Desmond Doss was credited with single-handedly saving 75 wounded soldiers off the escarpment over a 12-hour period under enemy fire, and was the first conscientious objector to win the Medal of Honor. In addition to the Medal of Honor, Doss was awarded two Purple Hearts and the Bronze Star.

Various certificates for Doss's heroic efforts.

Various certificates for Doss’s heroic efforts.

     In June of 2007, the collection was acquired as a donation from the Desmond Doss estate through the Georgia-Cumberland SDA Conference. Housed in approximately 60 archival boxes, the Desmond Doss Collection includes personal correspondence written to and from Doss, medals, certificates, uniforms, scrapbooks, memorabilia and more collected by Doss during his lifetime. Within the collection is a replacement Medal of Honor (one of two) that was given to Doss for his courageous and heroic efforts. The original medal awarded to Doss on October 12, 1945, was lost in 1969 during a visit to Okinawa. The medal was later recovered, but Doss had already requested this replacement medal. His original Medal of Honor was donated to the Charles H. Coolidge Medal of Honor Heritage Center in Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1990 by Desmond and wife Dorothy. However, we believe the bars and ribbons are originals.

     Shown are a few snapshots of items exhibited at the film premier. The department of Archives and Special Collections plans to create a larger exhibit highlighting Desmond Doss and his remarkable achievements. Check back soon for more information.

Helmet, knapsack and canteen of Desmond Doss.

Helmet, knapsack and canteen of Desmond Doss.

Hair care in the 19th century

1920s advertisement for Danderine hair tonic. Available at your local Drug Store or Toilet Counter.

1920s advertisement for Danderine hair tonic. Available at your local Drug Store or Toilet Counter.

     It seems more and more these days, we are having national holidays to celebrate just about anything. Let’s see, on April 10, we celebrated (not me, I’m an only child) National Siblings Day, on April 22 was Earth Day and on April 30, we celebrated National Hairstylist Appreciation Day. Curious about this unfamiliar day, I did some research and discovered on this day we honor hairstylists everywhere who make artful hairstyles possible. A Talented hair stylist will not only make you look good but also make you feel good as well. I was unable to locate the creator (No it wasn’t Paul Mitchell or Vidal Sassoon) of National Hairstylist Appreciation Day but saw this as a unique opportunity to feature a book from our Rare Books and Manuscript collection.

     Hairdressing is one of the oldest professions dating back thousands of year. Greek writers Aristophanes and Homer both mention hairdressing in their writings. Haircutting is also mentioned in the Bible, 1 Corinthians 11:6, “For if a wife will not cover her head, then she should cut her hair short. But since it is disgraceful for a wife to cut off her hair or shave her head, let her cover her head.” I’m sure we all recall the tale of Samson from the Book of Judges Chapter 13 – 16, when Delilah cuts his hair.

Frank's Barber Shop now known as University Barber Shop is conveniently located on Anderson Street.

Frank’s Barber Shop now known as University Barber Shop is conveniently located on Anderson Street.

     In the ancient world, parasites and scalp issues ran rampant. The ancient Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians often shaved their heads to ward off these infestations. Some may say this is when the trade of “barbering” was born. In the centuries to follow, hairstyling evolved slightly. As the ability to manufacture tools and machines grew during the Industrial Revolution, the actual art of coiffing the hair with irons and clippers became possible. Ladies could go into the salon, or have their hairdresser come to their home before a soiree. The first appearance of the word “hairdresser” came in 17th century Europe and this is when hairdressing was considered a profession.

Marie-Antoinette, ca. 1775 in a court dress showcasing her infamous porf

Marie-Antoinette, ca. 1775 in a court dress showcasing her infamous pouf.

     Women’s hair began to grow taller in style during the 18th century mainly due to Marie Antoinette’s pouf. The late Queen first debuted the popular creation in June 1775, at the coronation of her husband Louis XVI. This started a trend of young French women wanting to wear their hair in the same matter. The hairstyle would last for about two weeks until it was no longer hygienic. Coated with animal fat and powder mixed with wheat flour, which was a common recipe for a styling pomade, the hair would become rancid and would often attract vermin – ostensibly the origin of the term “her hair is a ‘rat’s nest’ “.

     Ellen White was outspoken about the use of wigs and hairpieces commonly worn by women. The artificial chignons and braids then so popular during the 1860s were distasteful to her. Not only a breeding ground for vermin, Ellen White saw even more terrible consequences – “horrible disease and premature death” – resulting from wearing wigs. Addressing “Christian Mothers” in the Health Reformer, she described the dire physiological effects:

          “The artificial hair and pads covering the base of the brain heat and excite the spinal nerves centering in the brain. The head should ever be kept cool. The heat caused by these artificial coverings induces the blood to the brain. The action of the blood upon the lower or animal organs of the brain causes unnatural activity, tends to recklessness in morals, and the mind and heart are in danger of being corrupted.”

     The end of the 1800s saw the transition from barbershops to salons all over the world. But women were still having their hair styled by their servants. Salons started advertising in a big way to get women out of their homes. Around, this time, a self-made entrepreneur, Martha Matilda Harper opened the first public salon called ‘The Harper Hair Parlor’. She invented the salon recliner chair but never patented her invention. She started training schools and employed the girls in her salon. The roaring 20s saw almost 25,000 hair salons open in the U.S. From the 1900s to 20s, bobby pins, hair dryers, perms, and hair color became popular.

     How to Care for the Hair at All Times by Juliet Marion Lee was published by the Juliet M. Lee Hair Culture Company of New York in 1904. The volume is the outcome of numerous requests of personal friends, patients and countless correspondents who trusted Ms. Lee with the daunting task of hair care. The writer tells of cases where baldness has been made to disappear and other cases where the original hair color has been restored by massage of the scalp in order to promote arterial circulation to preserve the hair roots. It is finely illustrated by reproductions of photographs made for use in a series of lectures on the treatment of the hair.  This book is an excellent example of holistic healing and 19th century Health Reform.

Written by a professional hair masseuse, Ms. Lee book provide the reader with copious photographs and gives detail accounts of each method.

Written by a professional hair masseuse, Ms. Lee book provides the reader with copious photographs and gives detail accounts of each method.

#ThrowBackThursday – The Nurse’s Cap

          The vocation of nursing has been around for centuries, but the official development of nursing as a career took off in the 19th Century. Florence Nightingale sometimes called “The Lady with the Lamp” for her effort of nursing British soldiers during the Crimean War, saw the need to care for the sick. She was instrumental in developing standards and techniques for nurses and helped design the uniform look. In particular, the nurse’s cap.

We have a collection of nursing uniforms, caps, and dresses which showcase different styles of nursing attire worn throughout the decades. This picture, circa 1907, is the first nursing class at the College of Medical Evangelist with baby Richard Edward Abbott.

Figure 01: We have a collection of nursing uniforms, caps, and dresses which showcase different styles of nursing attire worn throughout the decades. This picture, circa 1907, is the first nursing class at the College of Medical Evangelist with baby Richard Edward Abbott.

          The cap was based on the habit, as worn by Catholic nuns, to distinguish those women who worked in the service of caring for the sick. The nurse’s cap has undergone several changes throughout the years. Originally, the cap was more of a veil covering the head, but it later evolved into a white cap during the Victorian era, and later the form we see in figure 01.

          The nurse’s cap has also had a ceremonial purpose. For example, as seen in figure 02, the nurse’s cap was used in a ceremony for new nurses. The capping ceremony was established as a way to present a nurse’s cap to students who have completed school work prior to beginning hospital training. Over the course of time, the nurse’s cap has been phased out, mainly due to a concern of bacteria collecting in the cap. Also, with the increasing number of men in the nursing profession, the historical nurse’s uniform has gone away, being replaced by the ubiquitous scrubs and stethoscope.

A photograph of student nurses in uniforms performing the capping ceremony, which is part of the graduation ceremonies.

Figure 02: A photograph of student nurses in uniforms performing the capping ceremony, which is part of the graduation ceremonies.

          What started as a quick #ThowBackThursday, #TBT update for our department’s Facebook page, and a quest for knowledge, became an opportunity to highlight aspects of our collections. The History of Nursing Collection includes photographs of students and graduation ceremonies from the College of Medical Evangelists, actual nursing uniforms – including wool capes, aprons, dresses and caps – historical nursing texts and manuals, to rarely seen publications by Florence Nightingale. To see one of the nursing photographs and more, head on over to the Loma Linda University Photo Archive at:

http://archives.llu.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/photodb

And:

http://archives.llu.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/sn

You can also visit us in person, Monday through Thursday, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.; Friday 8:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.

We’re back!

After a two-year hiatus, we are finally back! Make sure to mark your calendars for Monday, February 29 to Friday, March 04, as we will be having our book sale. As always, we have a large selection of SDA books, periodicals and more. Please see the flyer for further details. We hope to see you there!

We're back! Mark your calendars for the book sale.

There is still time!

Gift of Prophecy Banner

Just a reminder there is still time to register and attend the upcoming Gift of Prophecy Symposium at Andrews University. Head on over to www.giftofprophecy2015.com to register for the early bird rate of $55.00. Hurry this offer ends on August 31. Sponsored by the Ellen G. White Estate, The Center for Adventist Research, the Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary, the Biblical Research Institute, and the General Conference Ministerial Association, this symposium will continue the commemoration of the centennial of Ellen White’s death and examine the contemporary relevance of the gift of prophecy in the post-modern world.

In the news…

ISBN: 9780816357970 | 256 pages | Pacific Press Publishing Association | Copyright 2015

ISBN: 9780816357970 | 256 pages | Pacific Press Publishing Association | Copyright 2015

Lots of fascinating things about Ellen G. White have been circulating around the office today and we want to keep you up to date on the following:

First and foremost, director of the Loma Linda University White Estate Branch office and School of Religion professor, Dr. Theodore N. Levterov, just published an article in the July 2015 edition of Adventist World magazine. The article, God’s Messenger: Growing Church, New Challenges, discusses when Ellen White was in California just before leaving to Europe. The article can be found by clicking here. [see page 22]

Second, Pacific Press Publishing Association just release a new book titled, Understanding Ellen White. Written by Merlin D. Burt, founding director of the integrated Center for Adventist Research at Andrews University; the book helps build a foundation for interpreting Ellen White’s experience with God and her ministry. The book can be purchased at any Adventist Book Center or online by clicking here.

And finally, have you visited https://egwwritings.org/ to read unreleased letters and manuscripts by Ellen G. White? Launched July 16, 2015 the collection features 50,000 pages of material dating 1845 to 1915 containing family letters, letters addressed to individuals and manuscript written for publication in book. The collection of materials can be found at the link above. Check it out today!

Ellen G. White Centennial Celebration

Celebrating the significance of Ellen G. White 100 years after her death.

Celebrating the significance of Ellen G. White 100 years after her death.

Ellen G. White [1827 – 1915] wore many hats during her lifetime. She was a mother, wife, church founder and prolific author (and for those who didn’t know, Robert F.  Harmon [1786-1866], Ellen White’s father, was a hat maker. 🙂 ).  During her life, she wrote more than 5,000 articles and penned 40 books. Today, June 16, 2015, on the centennial of her death, her writings are still being circulated and translated worldwide.  With that being said, the White Estate is proud to announce 50,000 unpublished pages of Ellen White’s writing which are now available online. Head on over to http://egwwritings.org and click on the link in the left-hand column that reads “Letters and Manuscripts”, researcher will find family letters, letters addressed to individuals and institutions, diary materials, and manuscripts written for publication in books and periodicals. See what you can discover today!

Ellen G. White Centennial Legacy Conference at Pacific Union College

Celebrating the significance of Ellen G. White 100 years after her death.

Celebrating the significance of Ellen G. White 100 years after her death.

This summer, Pacific Union College will host the Ellen G. White Centennial Legacy Conference  July 16-18, 2015.  The events will be held at Pacific Union College and at Elmshaven, White’s personal residence in Deer Park, and will feature a celebration of her historical significance and vibrant legacy in the areas of education, science and medicine, theology, and women’s leadership.

A special luncheon and lecture will be held at Elmshaven on July 16. Dr. Eric Anderson, director of the Walter C. Utt Center for Adventist History, will present a talk on  Ellen White, Elmshaven and the Napa Valley.

For more information on registration, schedule of sessions and meals and lodging, please visit : Ellen G. White Centennial Legacy Conference

Newspaper Columnist Reflects on Ellen White’s Contribution to Vegetarianism

The book, Counsels on Diet and Foods, published in 1938 after White’s death, compiles passages from her writings and teachings about food, and addresses her ideas on why people should eat less meat, or none at all.

The book, Counsels on Diet and Foods, published in 1938 after White’s death, compiles passages from her writings and teachings about food, and addresses her ideas on why people should eat less meat, or none at all.

The Portland Press Herald has published a profile on the lasting contributions of Maine native Ellen G. White to religion and health. The article is by freelance food writer Avery Yale Kamila, and it credits Mrs. White with being an influential early American advocate of vegetarianism. The article also cites Dr. Theodore Levterov, the Branch Office Director, who notes that “It is impossible to talk about vegetarianism in the 21st century without mentioning Seventh-day Adventists and Ellen G. White.” While the article is written primarily for a local audience in Maine, it is nevertheless a shining example of the wider cultural recognition of Ellen White’s continuing impact on contemporary life.

To read the full article, click here: http://www.pressherald.com/2015/05/13/vegetarian-kitchen-a-maine-woman-founded-a-church-and-converted-its-believers-to-vegetarianism/

Gift Of Prophecy Symposium 2015

Gift of Prophecy Banner

A major scholarly symposium entitled The Gift of Prophecy in Scripture and History will be held on October 15-18 on the campus of Andrews University. Sponsored by the Ellen G. White Estate, The Center for Adventist Research, the Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary, the Biblical Research Institute, and the General Conference Ministerial Association, this symposium will continue the commemoration of the centennial of Ellen White’s death and examine the contemporary relevance of the gift of prophecy in the post-modern world. The four-day conference will feature twenty internationally recognized speakers and launch a five-year, world-wide emphasis in the Seventh-day Adventist Church for understanding the gift of prophecy.

For more information or to register, please visit: www.GiftOfProphecy2015.org